Category "Knowledge"



Coronavirus Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, Types

A coronavirus is a sort of regular infection that causes a disease in your nose, sinuses, or upper throat. Most coronaviruses are not hazardous.

A few kinds of them are serious, though. Around 858 individuals have died from Middle East respiratory disorder (MERS), which previously showed up in 2012 in Saudi Arabia and afterward in different nations in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Europe. In April 2014, the first American was hospitalized for MERS in Indiana and another case was roported in Florida. Both had quite recently come back from Saudi Arabia. In May 2015, there was an outbreak of MERS in Korea, which was the biggest flare-up outside of the Middle Eastern Landmass. In 2003, 774 individuals died from a Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome(SARS) outbreak. Starting at 2015, there were no further reports of cases of SARS. MERS and SARS are kinds of corona viruses.

Be that as it may, toward the beginning of January 2020, the World Wellbeing Association recognized another sort: 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in China. By late January, there were 300 affirmed cases in China and a passing include that was still in the single digits, however rising. Also, notwithstanding air terminal screenings, a voyager had carried the main case to the U.S.

Regularly a coronavirus causes upper respiratory disease indications like a stuffy nose, hack, and sore throat. You can treat them with rest and over-the-counter prescription. The coronavirus can likewise cause center ear contaminations in youngsters.

What Is a Coronavirus?

Common Symptoms of Coronavirus

Coronaviruses were first identified in the 1960s, but we don’t know where they come from. They get their name from their crown-like shape. Sometimes, but not often, a coronavirus can infect both animals and humans.

Most coronaviruses spread the same way other cold-causing viruses do: through infected people coughing and sneezing, by touching an infected person’s hands or face, or by touching things such as doorknobs that infected people have touched.

Almost everyone gets a coronavirus infection at least once in their life, most likely as a young child. In the United States, coronaviruses are more common in the fall and winter, but anyone can come down with a coronavirus infection at any time.

Common Symptoms

The symptoms of most coronaviruses are similar to any other upper respiratory infection, including runny nose, coughing, sore throat, and sometimes a fever. In most cases, you won’t know whether you have a coronavirus or a different cold-causing virus, such as rhinovirus.

You could get lab tests, including nose and throat cultures and blood work, to find out whether your cold was caused by a coronavirus, but there’s no reason to. The test results wouldn’t change how you treat your symptoms, which typically go away in a few days.

But if a coronavirus infection spreads to the lower respiratory tract (your windpipe and your lungs), it can cause pneumonia, especially in older people, people with heart disease, or people with weakened immune systems.

What to Do About Coronavirus

There is no vaccine for corona virus. To help prevent a corona virus infection, do the same things you do to avoid the common cold:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water or with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Keep your hands and fingers away from your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are infected.

You treat a corona virus infection the same way you treat a cold:

  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Drink fluids.
  • Take over-the-counter medicine for a sore throat and fever. But don’t give aspirin to
  • children or teens younger than 19; use ibuprofen or acetaminophen instead.

A humidifier or steamy shower can also help ease a sore and scratchy throat.

Even when a coronavirus causes MERS or SARS in other countries, the kind of coronavirus infection common in the U.S. isn’t a serious threat for an otherwise healthy adult. If you get sick, treat your symptoms and contact a doctor if they get worse or don’t go away.


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Fever in Infants and Children

What is fever in infants and children? How can be it prevented?

Fever is a sign that your body is sick or has an infection. A fever helps kill infections, bacteria, and viruses that are causing the fever. Your child has a fever if his or her body temperature his higher than normal. A normal temperature is 98.6°F when checking by mouth. Some doctors ask you to check your baby or young child’s temperature rectally (in their bottom). Normal for that method is 99.6°F.

Symptoms of fever in infants and children

  • Constant vomiting or diarrhea
  • Dry mouth
  • Earache or pulling at ears
  • Fever comes and goes over several days
  • High-pitched crying
  • Fussiness
  • No appetite
  • Pale appearance
  • Seizures
  • Severe headache
  • Skin rash
  • Sore or swollen joints
  • Sore throat
  • Stiff neck
  • Stomach pain
  • Swelling of the soft spot on an infant’s head
  • Unresponsiveness or limpness
  • Wheezing or problems breathing
  • Whimpering

Fever in Babies

What causes fever in infants and children?

Most fevers are caused by infections (bacteria or virus). Other reasons for a fever

  • Certain medicines. This would include antibiotics, anti-seizure, and blood pressure
  • A heat-related illness.
  • Cancers
  • Autoimmune disorders (when your body mistakenly attacks healthy tissue).
    Some childhood vaccinations

How is fever in infants and children diagnosed?

Numerous specialists analyze a fever as an oral temperature above 99.5°F. They analyze fever as a rectal temperature above 100.4°F. In any case, fever benchmarks likewise rely upon age, so what might be a fever in one individual may not rate as a fever in another person.

To take your youngster’s temperature rectally, utilize an advanced thermometer. Spot your youngster on their stomach over your lap. Apply oil jam (brand name: Vaseline) to the tip of the thermometer. Supplement it a large portion of an inch into your kid’s base. Stop on the off chance that you feel any opposition. Keep the thermometer
still and don’t give up. At the point when the thermometer blares, expel it and check the computerized perusing. Taking temperatures rectally is the favored strategy for kids.

To take your youngster’s temperature orally, utilize a computerized thermometer. Spot the finish of the thermometer under their tongue. Go towards the rear of the mouth. Have your youngster close their lips around the thermometer. Advise your youngster not to chomp down or talk. At the point when the thermometer blares, evacuate it and check the advanced perusing.

Never utilize a mercury thermometer. Mercury is poison.

Other temperature-taking tips include:

  • Name your rectal thermometer with the goal that it isn’t inadvertently utilized in
    your kid’s mouth.
  • Start by cleaning the thermometer in warm, foamy water. Wash well with cool water.
  • For oral temperatures, hold up 20 minutes after your kid eats or beverages hot or
    cold nourishments and beverages before taking their temperature.
  • Try not to package your infant or kid up too firmly before taking their temperature.
  • Try not to take your kid’s temperature directly after the individual in question has
    had a shower.
  • Never disregard your youngster when utilizing a thermometer.
  • At the point when you are done, clean the thermometer again with scouring liquor or
    with cool, foamy water.

Can fever in infants and children be prevented or avoided?

Fevers brought about by ailment or disease can be dodged by keeping away from the
things that cause sickness and contamination. Fevers brought about by inoculations
can be maintained a strategic distance from by giving your youngster acetaminophen.
This is an over-the-counter medication (brand name: Tylenol). This ought to be given
just previously or directly after the immunization.

Fever in infants and children treatment

Acetaminophen can be given to diminish fever. Ibuprofen (brand names Youngsters’ Advil, Kids’ Motrin) is another drug that can be utilized to bring down a fever in kids more seasoned than a half year of age. Approach your primary care physician for the right measurements. This will change by your kid’s age and weight. Try not to give your kid drug on the off chance that the individual in question is between 3 months and 3 years old and has a temperature of 102°F or lower. On the off chance that your kid is pain-filled and particular, and their temperature is above 102°F (38.8°C), you might need to give the person in question acetaminophen.

Tips for giving medicine:

  • Don’t give more than 5 doses in 1 day.
  • Don’t give a baby younger than 2 months of age any medicine unless your doctor tells
    you to.
  • Read package directions carefully.
  • For liquid medicines, use a special measuring device to get the right dose. You can
    get one at your drug store. An ordinary kitchen teaspoon may not hold the right
    amount of medicine.

If your infant is more youthful than 3 months old and has a rectal temperature of 100.4°F or higher, call the specialist or go to the crisis room. A fever can be an indication of a genuine disease in youthful infants.

Never give your youngster ibuprofen under any conditions. Ibuprofen can cause Reye’s disorder. Reye’s disorder is a genuine youth sickness that can prompt demise. Try not to offer headache medicine to kids more youthful than 18 years old.

Giving your kid acetaminophen and a hot shower may bring down their fever. Give the acetaminophen before the shower. A shower without medication will make your youngster shudder. This will raise their internal heat level. Never use scouring liquor or cold water for showers.

Living with fever in infants and children

It’s important to make your child comfortable when he or she has a fever. Things that
can help include:

  • Give your child fluids to prevent dehydration (not enough fluid in the body). It will
    help the body cool itself. Water, clear soups, popsicles, and flavored gelatin are
    good choices.
  • Don’t force your child to eat if he or she doesn’t feel like it.
  • Make sure your child gets plenty of rest.
  • Keep the room temperature at about 70°F to 74°F.
  • Dress your child in light cotton pajamas. Overdressing can trap body heat and cause
    your child’s temperature to rise.
  • If your child has chilled, give him or her an extra blanket. Remove it when the chills


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” My Brain on Beer VS Coffee”

Our brain’s cerebral cortex controls conscious thought, language and interaction. When Alcohol hits your cerebral cortex, you feel less focused, but it frees up your brain from all the distractions that normally occupied it. And when your blood alcohol reaches 0.07( about 2 drinks worth) you become more CREATIVE.

But when adenosine binds with its adenosine receptor,( the one who controls your energy level.) You feel DROWSY. And when Caffeine comes in, the receptor binds with caffeine instead of adenosine. Which means 15 minutes later, after drinking coffee, you will have more ENERGY.

The Good: Beer makes you less worried about the world around you, which frees up your brain to make deeper connections and come up with great ideas. While caffein’s effect kicks in after 15 minutes, giving you more energy and stronger ability to focus. The Bad: Drinking a couple of beers makes you less focused and decreases your memory. While drinking small amounts of coffee will result in tolerance and your body will need more to get the same stimulation.

The Best time to drink: Beer is good if you are searching for an initial idea. And coffee is good if you’ve already got an idea and you just need to focus on the busywork. Although drinking too much of either you lose the benefits of both. Everything in moderation, folks.


By golly, with beer, I’ve got ideas, and now with coffee, I must swim! The idea= the execution Beer is good for Kickstarting your brain into coming up with great ideas, and coffee is good for executing those ideas.

Source: coffee gives me superpowers (Ryoko Iwata)

Beer vs coffee

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“Heart-Healthy Lifestyle in Every Decade”

The heart is a part of the body inside your chest that pumps blood around your body and keep you alive. Many people nowadays are suffering from heart disease, and many of them died. The death rate from heart attack seems increasing up to now. It is very important to be aware of how to take good care of our hearts. We’ve always worked out but only because we wanted to look good, not because we thought we were doing something good for our hearts. It’s never too early for you to adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle.

If you are between 20 and 30 years old, the preventive steps you take now will have far-reaching consequences on your heart health throughout your life.

Your lifestyle is made up of everyday choices— what you eat, and how physically active you are, whether you smoke, drink alcohol, or use birth control pills, all of which may have a major impact on your long-term health.

Make a heart-smart choice today and every day.

a.) Establish healthy eating patterns and identify healthy foods and beverage options for your grab-and-go lifestyle.

b.) Remember that your body is keeping score. Stay away from junk food and calorie-laden beverages just to control on how to look good on the outside. A steady diet of unhealthy fats and sodium will gradually damage your arteries.

C.) Learn about your family’s health history to determine whether you’re at risk for heart disease.

At the 20’s:

By your 20’s is a good time to start thinking about what’s going on with your heart and cardiovascular system. It’s not just a man’s disease or an old person’s disease. Heart disease is largely preventable. Important research has identified that lifestyle choices such as poor diet, lack of physical activity smoking, and drinking excessive amounts of alcohol are controllable risk factors for heart disease.

Your heart-healthy priorities for your 20’s are :

1. Pay attention to what you eat.

2. Adopt a regular exercise routine.

3. Manage your weight.

4. Check your family history for risk factors.

5. Schedule regular annual check-ups.

6. Don’t smoke

7. Be aware of social situations affect your life

8. Choose your birth control method carefully.

At the ’30s

Most women in their 30’s are busy. Really busy, but don’t be too busy to take care of yourself.

To make your heart health priority:

a.) Start managing your weight now.
b.) Make sure exercise is on your to-do list or daily planner.
C.) Monitor your numbers.

By your 30’s there’s a good chance that you have already developed some potential threats to your heart. You might even be able to reverse the effects of poor choices you may have made in your 20’s. You can start small. Focus on the important things you can control, such as eating well and exercise.

Your heart-health priorities for your 30’s are:

1. Commit to taking care of your health now.
2. Develop a nutritious eating plan.
3. Add physical activities to your schedule.
4. Establish a healthy weight and maintain it.
5. Record your family’s health history.

At the ’40s

Statistics show that being a woman if you reach your 50’s without developing the major risk factors for heart disease, you face only an 8 per cent risk of developing cardiovascular disease. With those odds, it just makes good sense to work or continue to work at staying at risk-free as possible. Your 40’s present a golden opportunity to take charge and improve your health or recommit to the healthy-lifestyle you may already be living. That most actionable steps you can take with the biggest pay off are eating well, being physically active, and managing your weight. Resolve to make every calorie count toward good nutrition and every step count toward an active way of life.

Your heart-healthy priorities for your 40’s are:

1. Stick to a healthy eating pattern.
2. Stay active.
3. Maintain a healthy weight.
4. Know your risks.
5. Develop a good relationship with your doctor.
Even if you’ve lapsed into a sedentary lifestyle over the years or have never been active at all, it’s not too late to make exercise part of your prescription for being and staying healthy.

At the ’50s
Your body is changing and those changes affect your heart. Menopause brings with it increase the risk of heart disease. Use the life management skills you acquired to take better care of yourself:
a.) Make every calorie count.
b. ) Get or stay physically active
C.) Make sure your heart-healthy is part of every physical exam.
Your lifestyle choices, particularly those involving smoking, nutrition, physical activity, and weight management, can still have a huge impact on your heart. If you are a woman in your 50’s you must be aware that you have moved into a new risk group for heart disease and heart attack. In fact, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in women, especially after menopause. You can slow down or even stop the progression of risk factors that threaten your heart. You even may be able to undo the damage from your earlier years by breaking unhealthy habits.
Your heart-healthy priorities for your 50’s are;
1. Establish a nutritious eating plan.
2. Be physically active.
3. Maintain a healthy weight.
4. Monitor existing risk factors.
5. Manage the risk factors that you can control or change.
6. Recruit a team of health care providers.
7. Take your medications to control risk factors
8. Educate yourself about any heart condition you may have. You need to balance your daily food intake with the energy your body is burning. Hormonal changes resulting from menopause can affect your cholesterol and triglycerides levels.
At the ’60s
Your risk of heart attack is now equal to that of man. Many women in their 60’s already had some form of heart disease without even knowing it. Your heart-healthy priorities for your 60’s are:
a.) Pay attention to good nutrition.
b. ) Make Physical activity a priority.
C.) Maintain a healthy weight.
d.) Manage your risks
e.) Actively partner with your doctor.
f.) Learn the sign of heart attack and share them with your friends.
Making the right dietary changes such as adding vegetables, fruits and whole grains can have a profound effect on heart disease risk. Remember that it is the overall pattern of your choices that counts the most.
At the ’70s and Beyond
It’s never too late to benefit from a heart-healthy lifestyle. Although your senior years definitely carry an increased risk for her heart attack, the medical community has made great strides in diagnosing and treating these conditions, especially in women. Maintain your heart-healthy habits air add new ones.
a.) Be sure to eat well.
b.) Stay physically active
c ) Do not accept struggling with stairs.
d.) Know the warning signs of heart attack and stroke.
e.) Do something healthy for yourself.
By choosing to live healthily and stay upbeat, you are protecting your vitality and independence. Healthy behaviour choices may actually do as much if not more than medicine to maintain the quality of your life well past your 80’s. In fact, almost 74 per cent of women will have high blood pressure by age 65. Your heart-health priorities in your 70’s and beyond are:
1. Eat well
2. Stay active.
3. Manage your weight.
4. Monitor your heart health and folly through
5. Maintain good communication with your doctors.
Your checklist for achieving heart health in your 70s and beyond are as follows:
Make eating well a priority. Stay as physically active as you develop a plan to eat good food nutrition. Partner with a network of trusted health care professionals. Get a regular health check-up and communicate openly with health care providers. Follow your doctor’s recommendation for managing risks factors for heart disease. Take medications as prescribed, and know the warning signs of heart attack and stroke.
American Heart Association: A complete guide to Women’s Heart Health 2004